How much do you know about ancient Chinese books?

Today, I will tell you the first of the strange books, "Shan Hai Jing". Those who like to read Chinese novels should not miss it.


"Shan Hai Jing" is an important ancient book in ancient China, and it is also the oldest book rich in myths and legends. The author of the book is unknown, and modern scholars believe that the completion of the book is not temporary and the author is not alone


The content of Shanhaijing is mainly geographical knowledge in folklore, including mountains and rivers, geography, nationalities, properties, medicines, sacrifices, witch doctors, etc. Many well-known ancient myths, legends and fables including "Kuafu Chasing the Sun", "Jingwei Filling the Sea", "Dayu Controlling the Water" and other related contents have been preserved.


"Shan Hai Jing" has extraordinary documentary value, and can be used as a reference for the study of ancient Chinese history, geography, culture, Chinese and foreign transportation, folk customs, and myths. The mineral records are the earliest relevant documents in the world.


Let me tell you about the very interesting myths in the "Shan Hai Jing". Due to the many and strange myths, I can't finish it for three days and three nights. I will explain it to you in several articles. Please see the last part of the story. Skip to the next story


"The Book of Mountains and Seas"-"Pangu Opens the World", an ancient Chinese myth story

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At the beginning of everything, an egg contained the entire universe. There is a chaos in the egg, it is pitch black, there is no world, no sun, moon and stars, and no human beings survive. However, in this chaotic darkness, Pangu who created the world was born. Pangu conceived an adult in this big egg and slept for 18,000 years before waking up. At this time, he found that he was living in a dark and chaotic big egg, feeling depressed and flustered, and his whole body was as uncomfortable as being bound by a rope, and there was no trace of light, so he decided to stretch his muscles and pierce the big egg.


As soon as Pangu stretched his arms and kicked his legs and feet, the big egg was crushed. However, he opened his eyes and looked, up and down, left and right, in all directions, it was still pitch black and chaos indistinguishable. Pangu was anxious, so he smashed with his fist and kicked with his foot. Pangu's arms, legs and feet, were thick and big, like iron strikes. He kicked and beat, condensing the chaos and darkness of 18,000 years, all of them were kicked and beaten into chaos. Pangu three swayed, two swayed, tightly entangled in the chaotic darkness of Pangu, and then slowly separated. The light part of the Qing (yang) floats and rises slowly, turning into a blue sky; while the heavier part (yin) gradually sinks and becomes the earth.


Once the world separated, Pangu felt much more comfortable. He took a long breath and wanted to stand up, but the sky was weighing heavily on his head. He realized that if the sky does not rise high, there will never be life on the ground. So he sat down and meditated on how to solve this problem. In the end, he concluded that only by supporting the sky can all beings in the world multiply and survive. Therefore, Pangu supported the sky with his hands and kicked the ground, trying his best not to let the sky press on the ground. Day after day, year after year, eighteen thousand years passed. During this time, Pangu only ate the mist that floated into his mouth, and he never slept. At first, he could only support on his elbows and rest on his knees, because he had to do his best to push the sky to the sky with his hands. Finally, Pangu could straighten his body and lift his hands up to lift the sky up. The body grows by one foot a day, and the sky and the earth also leave by one foot a day. The higher the sky rises, the longer Pangu's body becomes. The world was stretched 90,000 li by him, and he also grew into a giant 90,000 li tall.


Tian finally positioned high above the earth, but Pangu felt exhausted. He looked up at the sky above his hands, then looked down at the deep earth below his feet. He concluded that there was a considerable distance between the sky and the earth, and he could lie down and rest without worrying that the sky would collapse and crush the earth.


So Pangu lay down and fell asleep. He died in a deep sleep. Pangu was exhausted, he opened up the world, exhausted his efforts and sweat. In his sleep, he still thought: the blue sky and the earth are not enough, and the sun, the moon, the mountains and the rivers and all human beings have to be created in the sky and the earth. But he was so tired that he could no longer make these by himself. Finally, he thought: leave my body to the world.


As a result, Pangu's body gave the universe a shape and at the same time made matter in the universe.


Pangu's head changed to Dongshan, his feet became Xishan, his body became Zhongshan, his left arm became Nanshan, and his right arm became Beishan. The five sacred mountains define the four corners and the center of the square land. They stand on the ground like huge stone pillars, each supporting a corner of the sky.


Pangu's left eye became a round, big and bright sun, which hung high in the sky, warming the earth day and night; his right eye became a luminous moon, illuminating the earth. When he opened his eyes, the moon was round, and in the blink of an eye, it became a crescent moon again.


His hair and eyebrows turned into stars in the sky, covered with blue sky, and walked with the moon.


The breath exhaling from his mouth turned into a spring breeze and clouds, making all things grow. His voice changed to thunder and lightning. His muscles became the soil of the earth, and his veins became roads. His hands, feet, and limbs turned into mountains and mountains, and his bones and teeth turned into treasures of gold, silver, copper, iron, and jade buried in the ground. His blood turned into a rolling river, and his sweat turned into rain and dew. His hair turned into flowers and trees; his elves turned into birds, beasts, fish and insects.


From then on, there were sun, moon and stars in the sky, mountains, trees, birds, beasts, insects, and fish on the ground, and a world between heaven and earth.


Skip to the next myth story "God Pen Horse"


If you want to learn more about the elements of ancient Chinese mythology, come to Panda Novels