1. From the perspective of the novel title
The functions of the title usually have the following four functions: (1) Setting the suspense; (2) The title is the clue of the novel; (3) It serves to shape and highlight the characters; (4) It promotes the development or turning point of the plot and resolves the contradictions between the characters. conflict. The title of some novels is a summary of the theme of the novel, or a pun, or the finishing touch.
2. From the point of view of the plot of the novel
The theme of the novel is often revealed in the development of the story. To accurately understand the theme of the work, it is necessary to clarify the plot content of the work. To analyze the plot, we must be good at sorting out the development process of the story, understand the causal relationship before and after the plot, and grasp the contradictions and conflicts in the development of the plot, from which we can find the theme of the plot.
3. From the perspective of characters in the novel
The theme of the novel is also often expressed in the characters created by the novel. Analyzing the connotation of the characters in the novel is an important method to understand the theme of the novel. To figure out what kind of person the novel describes, the encounter and fate of this person(s) are often linked to the essence of social life, projecting a specific historical and cultural background. We can start from the characters' actions, language, demeanor, psychology, details, etc., grasp the character's characteristics, gain insight into the character's spiritual world, experience the state of mind deep in the character's soul, and then understand the author's creative intention.
4. Themes from the perspective of environmental description
The description of the environment mainly provides a vivid stage for the actions and fate of the characters, and provides a typical environment for showing the formation and development of the characters; at the same time, the description of the environment also hints the direction of the theme from the side. We can explore the effect of environmental description on character shaping and plot development from the aspects of the natural environment and social background of the characters in the novel, so as to decipher the theme of the novel.
5. View the theme from the perspective of the novel's conception
The unique and delicate conception of a novel is necessarily related to the author's creative intention. By analyzing the novel's conception techniques, such as contrast, contrast, irony, inflection, symbolism, virtual reality, suspense, accident, coincidence and other techniques and their intentions, the theme of the novel can be summarized.
6. From the perspective of the narrator of the novel
The tone, perspective and emotional inclination of the narrator of the novel are also closely related to the author's creative intention. By analyzing the narrator and argumentative sentences of the novel, we can also capture the author's creative intention.
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